Authors: Zalewska A. M.

Title: JOB ATTITUDE ACCORDING TO REACTIVITY AND KIND OF JOB

Source: Psychologia-Etologia-Genetyka (Psychology-Ethology-Genetics)
year: 2007, vol: 15, number: , pages: 87-110
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Keywords: JOB EVALUATION'S LEVEL, JOB SATISFACTION, AFFECT AT WORK - KIND OF JOB, REACTIVITY (3 MECHANISMS)

Discipline: PSYCHOLOGY

Language: POLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference:
A. M. Zalewska, Szkola Wyzsza Psychologii Spolecznej, ul. Chodakowska 19-31, 03-815 Warszawa, Poland

Abstract: The study was conducted to verify hypotheses derived in accordance with the assumption of the Transactional Model of Subjective Well-Being (TMSWB) that a level of job evaluations can depend on person traits, environment factors and interplay between them. Emotional and cognitive job evaluations of 298 employees were analyzed in relation to reactivity and kind of job (accountants - low social, cognitive and physical stimulation; teachers - high social and cognitive stimulation, low physical stimulation; soldiers - high social and physical stimulation, low cognitive stimulation). Pavlovian Temperament Survey (reactivity), Work Description Inventory (overall and facets satisfaction) and Job Affect Scale (positive affect and negative affect at workplace) were used. Results strongly confirm TMSWB. Only negative affect at workplace is influenced independently by reactivity and kind of job. Positive affect and job satisfaction depend on interplay between reactivity and kind of job. Impact of reactivity on job attitude is stronger in jobs with high stimulation and kind of job influences this attitude of high-reactive workers much stronger than of the low-reactive. Findings show that among low-reactives teachers manifest higher job evaluations than accountants and soldiers and their evaluations are higher than those of high-reactive teachers. Among high-reactives soldiers manifest lowest job evaluations and their evaluations are lower than those of low-reactives. Satisfaction with pay and overall of high-reactive accountants is higher than those of low-reactive accountants although the first manifest stronger negative affect than the last. Complex mechanisms of reactivity and job environment effects on job attitude are discussed.

Other author's publications:
A. M. Zalewska,